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Spatial Navigation Impairments Among Intellectually High-Functioning Adults With Autism Spectrum Disorder: Exploring Relations With Theory of Mind, Episodic Memory, and Episodic Future Thinking

Lind, Sophie E., Williams, David M., Raber, Jacob, Peel, Anna, Bowler, Dermot M. (2013) Spatial Navigation Impairments Among Intellectually High-Functioning Adults With Autism Spectrum Disorder: Exploring Relations With Theory of Mind, Episodic Memory, and Episodic Future Thinking. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 122 (4). pp. 1189-1199. ISSN 0021-843X. (doi:10.1037/a0034819) (KAR id:37807)

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Abstract

Research suggests that spatial navigation relies on the same neural network as episodic memory, episodic

construction and self-projection hypotheses) concerning possible common underlying cognitive capacities.

impairments in episodic memory, episodic future thinking, and ToM. However, it is currently unclear

and self-projection theories. The study of spatial navigation in ASD also provides a test of the extreme

performance among individuals with ASD. Thus, the aim of the current study was to establish whether

adults with ASD and 28 sex-, age-, and IQ-matched neurotypical comparison adults completed the

were also completed. Participants with ASD showed significantly diminished performance on the

episodic future thinking. These results suggest that (contra the extreme male brain theory) individuals

of the environment—and adds weight to the idea that scene construction/self-projection are impaired in

ASD. The theoretical and clinical implications of these results are discussed.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1037/a0034819
Uncontrolled keywords: autism spectrum disorder, episodic memory, episodic future thinking, spatial navigation, theory of mind
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Depositing User: David Williams
Date Deposited: 16 Jan 2014 11:11 UTC
Last Modified: 13 Feb 2020 04:05 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/37807 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Williams, David M.: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2973-7677
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