Policy Networks and the Juvenile Court: The Reform of Youth Justice, c.1905-1950

Logan, Anne F. (2009) Policy Networks and the Juvenile Court: The Reform of Youth Justice, c.1905-1950. Crimes and Misdemeanours, 3 (2). ISSN 1754-0445. (The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided)

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Abstract

This article examines in detail the construction of government policy for juvenile courts during the first half of the twentieth century. The Children Act 1908 required that criminal charges against children and young persons be heard by a court sitting at a different time or in a different place from the summary court hearings held for adults. Later government legislation (for London, in 1920) and guidance (for the rest of England and Wales) added that children?s cases should be dealt with by specially selected justices, specifically chosen for their knowledge and understanding of young people. Drawing on policy networks theory, the article argues that the detailed application of these policies and the subsequent development of the juvenile court was developed by the Home Office in conjunction with a policy network made up of three main elements: the labour movement, particularly the Labour Party; pressure groups connected with penal reform and child welfare; and feminist women?s organisations. A detailed analysis of discussions surrounding the passage of the 1920 Juvenile Courts (Metropolis) Bill reveals the tactics and strength of this network in defeating the objections of another powerful lobby – the Metropolitan Magistrates – to the Bill?s main proposal, the introduction of specialist juvenile courts in London, staffed by lay-people alongside the qualified lawyers, to provide a dedicated form of justice for the youth of the capital.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled keywords: juvenile court, youth court, policy networks theory, youth justice
Subjects: H Social Sciences
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Social Policy Sociology and Social Research
Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Social Policy Sociology and Social Research > Criminology
Depositing User: Mita Mondal
Date Deposited: 11 Dec 2013 09:54 UTC
Last Modified: 16 Jun 2014 10:32 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/37484 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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