Skip to main content
Kent Academic Repository

Refinement in Z and Object-Z: Foundations and Advanced Applications (2nd revised edition)

Derrick, John, Boiten, Eerke Albert (2014) Refinement in Z and Object-Z: Foundations and Advanced Applications (2nd revised edition). Springer, London Heidelberg New York Dordrecht, 510 pp. ISBN 978-1-4471-5354-2. E-ISBN 978-1-4471-5355-9. (doi:10.1007/978-1-4471-5355-9) (KAR id:37392)


Refinement is one of the cornerstones of the formal approach to software engineering, and its use in various domains has led to research on new applications and generalisation. This book brings together this important research in one volume, with the addition of examples drawn from different application areas. It covers four main themes:

• data refinement and its application to Z;

• generalisations of refinement that change the interface and atomicity of operations;

• refinement in Object-Z;

• and modelling state and behaviour by combining Object-Z with CSP.

Refinement in Z and Object-Z: Foundations and Advanced Applications provides an invaluable overview of recent research for academic and industrial researchers, lecturers teaching formal specification and development, industrial practitioners using formal methods in their work, and postgraduate and advanced undergraduate students.

This 2nd edition is a comprehensive update to the first and includes the following new material:

• Early chapters have been extended to also include trace refinement, based directly on partial relations rather than through totalisation.

• We provide an updated discussion on divergence, non-atomic refinements and approximate refinement.

• We now include a discussion of the differing semantics of operations and outputs and how they affect the abstraction of models written using Object-Z and CSP.

• We give a fuller account of the relationship between relational refinement and various models of refinement in CSP.

• Bibliographic notes at the end of each chapter have been extended with the most up to date citations and research.

Item Type: Book
DOI/Identification number: 10.1007/978-1-4471-5355-9
Uncontrolled keywords: refinement, formal methods, Z, Object-Z, object orientation, CSP, state based
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics (inc Computing science) > QA 76 Software, computer programming, > QA76.76 Computer software
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Computing, Engineering and Mathematical Sciences > School of Computing
Depositing User: Eerke Boiten
Date Deposited: 09 Dec 2013 11:49 UTC
Last Modified: 08 Dec 2022 10:26 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)

University of Kent Author Information

Derrick, John.

Creator's ORCID:
CReDIT Contributor Roles:

Boiten, Eerke Albert.

Creator's ORCID:
CReDIT Contributor Roles:
  • Depositors only (login required):

Total unique views for this document in KAR since July 2020. For more details click on the image.