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Opportunities for cost-sharing in conservation: variation in volunteering effort across protected areas

Armsworth, Paul R., Cantu-Salazar, Lisette, Parnell, Mark, Booth, Josephine E., Stoneman, Rob, Davies, Zoe G. (2013) Opportunities for cost-sharing in conservation: variation in volunteering effort across protected areas. PLoS ONE, 8 (1). e39692. ISSN 1932-6203. (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0055395.g001)

Abstract

Efforts to expand protected area networks are limited by the costs of managing protected sites. Volunteers who donate labor to help manage protected areas can help defray these costs. However, volunteers may be willing to donate more labor to some protected areas than others. Understanding variation in volunteering effort would enable conservation organizations to account for volunteer labor in their strategic planning. We examined variation in volunteering effort across 59 small protected areas managed by Yorkshire Wildlife Trust, a regional conservation nonprofit in the United Kingdom. Three surveys of volunteering effort reveal consistent patterns of variation across protected areas. Using the most detailed of these sources, a survey of site managers, we estimate that volunteers provided 3200 days of labor per year across the 59 sites with a total value exceeding that of paid staff time spent managing the sites. The median percentage by which volunteer labor supplements management costs on the sites was 36%. Volunteering effort and paid management costs are positively correlated, after controlling for the effect of site area. We examined how well a range of characteristics of the protected areas and surrounding communities explain variation in volunteering effort. Protected areas that are larger have been protected for longer and that are located near to denser conurbations experience greater volunteering effort. Together these factors explain 38% of the observed variation in volunteering effort across protected areas.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1371/journal.pone.0055395.g001
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH75 Conservation (Biology)
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Anthropology and Conservation > DICE (Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology)
Depositing User: Zoe Davies
Date Deposited: 10 Dec 2013 09:45 UTC
Last Modified: 29 May 2019 11:35 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/37267 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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