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Household factors influencing participation in bird feeding activity: a national scale analysis

Davies, Zoe G., Fuller, Richard A., Dallimer, Martin, Loram, Alison, Gaston, Kevin J. (2012) Household factors influencing participation in bird feeding activity: a national scale analysis. PLoS ONE, 7 . e39692. ISSN 1932-6203. (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0039692.t001) (KAR id:37262)


Ameliorating pressures on the ecological condition of the wider landscape outside of protected areas is a key focus of conservation initiatives in the developed world. In highly urbanized nations, domestic gardens can play a significant role in maintaining biodiversity and facilitating human-wildlife interactions, which benefit personal and societal health and wellbeing.

The extent to which sociodemographic and socioeconomic factors are associated with engagement in wildlife

gardening activities remain largely unresolved. Using two household-level survey datasets gathered from across Britain, we

determine whether and how the socioeconomic background of a household influences participation in food provision for

wild birds, the most popular and widespread form of human-wildlife interaction. A majority of households feed birds (64%

across rural and urban areas in England, and 53% within five British study cities). House type, household size and the age of

the head of the household were all important predictors of bird feeding, whereas gross annual household income, the

occupation of the head of the household, and whether the house is owned or rented were not. In both surveys, the

prevalence of bird feeding rose as house type became more detached and as the age of the head of the household

increased. A clear, consistent pattern between households of varying size was less evident. When regularity of food

provision was examined in the study cities, just 29% of households provided food at least once a week. The proportion of

households regularly feeding birds was positively related to the age of the head of the household, but declined with gross

annual income. As concerns grow about the lack of engagement between people and the natural environment, such

findings are important if conservation organizations are successfully to promote public participation in wildlife gardening

specifically and environmentally beneficial behaviour in society more generally.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1371/journal.pone.0039692.t001
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH75 Conservation (Biology)
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Human and Social Sciences > School of Anthropology and Conservation > DICE (Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology)
Depositing User: Zoe Davies
Date Deposited: 10 Dec 2013 09:47 UTC
Last Modified: 16 Nov 2021 10:13 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)

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