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The effects of training on gross efficiency in cycling: a review.

Hopker, James G., Passfield, Louis, Coleman, Damian A, Jobson, Simon A., Edwards, L., Carter, Helen (2009) The effects of training on gross efficiency in cycling: a review. International journal of sports medicine, 30 (12). pp. 845-850. ISSN 1439-3964. (doi:10.1055/s-0029-1237712) (KAR id:36044)

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0029-1237712

Abstract

There has been much debate in the recent scientific literature regarding the possible ability to increase gross efficiency in cycling via training. Using cross-sectional study designs, researchers have demonstrated no significant differences in gross efficiency between trained and untrained cyclists. Reviewing this literature provides evidence to suggest that methodological inadequacies may have played a crucial role in the conclusions drawn from the majority of these studies. We present an overview of these studies and their relative shortcomings and conclude that in well-controlled and rigorously designed studies, training has a positive influence upon gross efficiency. Putative mechanisms for the increase in gross efficiency as a result of training include, muscle fibre type transformation, changes to muscle fibre shortening velocities and changes within the mitochondria. However, the specific mechanisms by which training improves gross efficiency and their impact on cycling performance remain to be determined.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1055/s-0029-1237712
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports medicine
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Natural Sciences > School of Sport and Exercise Sciences
Depositing User: James Hopker
Date Deposited: 05 Nov 2013 20:41 UTC
Last Modified: 16 Feb 2021 12:48 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/36044 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Hopker, James G.: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4786-7037
Passfield, Louis: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6223-162X
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