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Knowing what to think by knowing who you are: Self-categorization and the nature of norm formation, conformity and group polarization.

Abrams, Dominic, Wetherell, Margaret, Cochrane, Sandra, Hogg, Michael A., Turner, John C. (1990) Knowing what to think by knowing who you are: Self-categorization and the nature of norm formation, conformity and group polarization. British Journal of Social Psychology, 29 . pp. 97-119. ISSN 0144-6665. (The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided)

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Abstract

This study tested two theoretical approaches to social influence using three influence paradigms. First the authors demonstrate that, in M. Sherif's (1936) autokinetic effect paradigm, the impact of confederates on the formation of a norm decreases as their membership of a different category is made more salient to subjects. Second, in the S. Asch (1956) conformity paradigm, surveillance effectively exerts normative pressure if done by an in-group but not by an out-group. In-group influence decreases and out-group influence increases when subjects respond privately. Self-report data indicate that in-group confederates create more subjective uncertainty than out-group confederates and public responding seems to increase cohesiveness with in-group-but decrease it with out-group sources of influence. In the third experiment the authors use the group polarization paradigm to demonstrate that, where categorical differences between two subgroups within a discussion group

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled keywords: group polarization, conformity, norm formation, self categorization, social influence
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Depositing User: M.L. Barnoux
Date Deposited: 17 Oct 2013 10:44 UTC
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2020 04:08 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/35507 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Abrams, Dominic: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2113-4572
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