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Gender salience and social identity: The impact of sex of siblings on educational and occupational aspirations

Abrams, Dominic, Sparkes, Karen, Hogg, Michael A. (1985) Gender salience and social identity: The impact of sex of siblings on educational and occupational aspirations. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 55 (3). pp. 224-232. ISSN 0007-0998. (doi:10.1111/j.2044-8279.1985.tb02627.x) (The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided)

The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided. (Contact us about this Publication)
Official URL
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.2044-8279.1985.tb02627...

Abstract

Suggests that an understanding of sex differences in educational and occupational aspirations of adolescents would benefit from a perspective that emphasizes gender identification. The social identification approach (J. C. Turner, 1982) hypothesizes that these differences are a function of the degree of gender identification, which in turn is a function of salience of sex. According to W. J. McGuire and C. V. McGuire's (1981) distinctiveness postulate, gender becomes more salient as the number of opposite-sex siblings increases. To explore these gender salience effects, 50 male and 31 female 16–18 yr old students completed a questionnaire concerning their self-perceptions, examination performance, occupational choice, and comparisons with members of each sex. Large sex differences were obtained, showing that educational and occupational ambitions were inhibited among females. Correlational analyses revealed that number of opposite-sex siblings was more closely related to responses than were number of same-sex or total number of siblings. In particular, females' choice of science O-levels decreased as number of brothers increased. Results suggest that sex of sibling effects have an intergroup dimension.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1111/j.2044-8279.1985.tb02627.x
Uncontrolled keywords: self perception & social comparison & gender identity & sex of sibling, educational & occupational aspirations, male vs female 16–18 yr olds, Scotland
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Depositing User: M.L. Barnoux
Date Deposited: 16 Oct 2013 11:17 UTC
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2020 04:08 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/35473 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Abrams, Dominic: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2113-4572
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