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Biofuels and their potential to aid the UK towards achieving emissions reduction policy targets

Acquaye, Adolf, Sherwen, Tomas, Genovese, Andrea, Kuylenstierna, Johan, Koh, S.C. Lenny, McQueen-Mason, Simon (2012) Biofuels and their potential to aid the UK towards achieving emissions reduction policy targets. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 16 (7). pp. 5414-5422. ISSN 1364-0321. (doi:10.1016/j.rser.2012.04.046) (The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided)

The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided. (Contact us about this Publication)
Official URL
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2012.04.046

Abstract

The potential of biofuels contributing to the UK emission reduction targets in the formulated UK Low Carbon Transition Plan (LCTP) and the UK’s obligation in the wider EU emissions reduction targets are assessed using four scenarios. The scenarios were evaluated using hybrid lifecycle assessment developed in a multi-regional input–output (MRIO) framework. In the hybrid MRIO LCA framework, technology-specific processes in the biofuels and fossil fuels LCA systems are integrated into a generalised 2-region (UK and Rest of the World) environmental-economic input–output framework in order to account for economy-wide indirect GHG emissions in the biofuels and fossil fuels LCA systems in addition to other indirect impacts such as indirect land use change. The lifecycle greenhouse gas emissions of biodiesel (soybean, palm, rape, waste cooking oil) and bio-ethanol (sugarcane, sugarbeet, corn) were assessed and compared to fossil fuel (diesel and petrol) baseline. From one of the scenarios, biodiesel production from waste cooking oil and bioethanol from sugarbeet offer the biggest potential for emissions savings relative to fossil fuel equivalent and offering a maximum emission savings of 4.1% observed with a biofuel market share of 10% reached in 2020. It was also established that under current biofuel feedstock mix, to achieve the 6% emissions saving primarily from biofuels as proposed in the LCTP, 23.8% of the transport fuels market would be required to be held by biofuels by 2020.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1016/j.rser.2012.04.046
Uncontrolled keywords: Biofuel; Hybrid lifecycle assessment; Scenarios; CO2-eq emissions; Policies
Subjects: H Social Sciences
H Social Sciences > HA Statistics > HA33 Management Science
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > Kent Business School
Faculties > Social Sciences > Kent Business School > Management Science
Faculties > Social Sciences > Kent Business School > Centre for Logistics and Heuristic Organisation (CLHO)
Depositing User: Cathy Norman
Date Deposited: 16 Sep 2013 13:29 UTC
Last Modified: 29 May 2019 11:02 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/35213 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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