Grey Matter Volume in the Cerebellum is Related to the Processing of Grammatical Rules in a Second Language: A Structural Voxel-based Morphometry Study

Pliatsikas, Christos and Johnstone, Tom and Marinis, Theodoros (2014) Grey Matter Volume in the Cerebellum is Related to the Processing of Grammatical Rules in a Second Language: A Structural Voxel-based Morphometry Study. Cerebellum, 13 . pp. 55-63. ISSN 1473-4222. (doi:https://doi.org/10.1007/s12311-013-0515-6) (Full text available)

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12311-013-0515-6

Abstract

The experience of learning and using a second language (L2) has been shown to affect the grey matter (GM) structure of the brain. Importantly, GM density in several cortical and subcortical areas has been shown to be related to performance in L2 tasks. Here, we show that bilingualism can lead to increasedGMvolume in the cerebellum, a structure that has been related to the processing of grammatical rules. Additionally, the cerebellar GM volume of highly proficient L2 speakers is correlated to their performance in a task tapping on grammatical processing in an L2, demonstrating the importance of the cerebellum for the establishment and use of grammatical rules in an L2.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled keywords: Cerebellum,VBM,Grammatical processing,Second language
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology > Cognitive Psychology
Depositing User: Christos Pliatsikas
Date Deposited: 05 Sep 2013 16:33 UTC
Last Modified: 13 May 2014 09:30 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/35135 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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