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Predicting involvement in prison gang activity: Street gang membership, social and psychological factors.

Wood, Jane L., Alleyne, Emma, Mozova, Katarina, James, Mark (2014) Predicting involvement in prison gang activity: Street gang membership, social and psychological factors. Law and Human Behavior, 38 (3). pp. 203-211. ISSN 0147-7307. (doi:10.1037/lhb0000053) (KAR id:35014)

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to examine whether street gang membership, psychological factors, and social factors such as pre-prison experiences could predict young offenders’ involvement in prison gang activity. Data were collected via individual interviews with 188 young offenders held in a Young Offenders Institution in the United Kingdom. Results showed that psychological factors such as the value individuals attached to social status, a social dominance orientation, and anti authority attitudes were important in predicting young offenders’ involvement in prison gang activity. Further important predictors included pre-imprisonment events such as levels of threat, levels of individual delinquency, and levels of involvement in group crime. Longer current sentences also predicted involvement in prison gang activity. However, street gang membership was not an important predictor of involvement in prison gang activity. These findings have implications for identifying prisoners involved in prison gang activity, and for considering the role of psychological factors and group processes in gang research.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1037/lhb0000053
Uncontrolled keywords: predicting prison gangs, street gangs, psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Depositing User: Jane Wood
Date Deposited: 27 Aug 2013 14:29 UTC
Last Modified: 11 Feb 2020 15:31 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/35014 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Wood, Jane L.: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4173-410X
Alleyne, Emma: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4335-7176
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