Current progress with serological assays for exotic emerging/re-emerging viruses

Mather, Stuart and Scott, Simon D. and Temperton, Nigel J. and Wright, Edward and King, Barnabas and Daly, Janet (2013) Current progress with serological assays for exotic emerging/re-emerging viruses. Future Virology, 8 (8). pp. 745-755. ISSN 1746-0794. (doi:https://doi.org/10.2217/fvl.13.60) (Full text available)

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Abstract

Recent decades have witnessed an unprecedented rise in the outbreak occurrence of infectious and primarily zoonotic viruses. Contributing factors to this phenomenon include heightened global connectivity via air travel and international trade links, as well as man-made environmental alterations such as deforestation and climate change, which all serve to co-localize humans with animal reservoirs and alter the habitat of vector species, thus facilitating transmission of viruses between species. Serological assays are integral to track the epidemiological spread of a virus, evaluate mass vaccination programs by quantifying neutralizing antibody responses raised against antigenic epitopes on the viral surface. However, conventional serological tests are somewhat marred by equipment and reagent costs, the necessity for high containment laboratories for many emerging viruses and inter-laboratory variability amongst other issues. This review details ‘next-generation’ assays aimed at addressing some of the persistent problems with viral serology, focusing on how manipulating the genomes of RNA viruses can produce attenuated or chimeric viruses that can be exploited as surrogate viruses in neutralization assays. Despite the undoubted promise of such novel serological platforms, it must be remembered that these assays have to withstand rigorous validation and standardization measures before they can play an integral role in curtailing the severity of future emerging virus outbreaks.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled keywords: exotic emerging viruses; neutralizing antibodies; pseudotype viruses; serological assays; zoonosis
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology > QR355 Virology
Divisions: Faculties > Sciences > Medway School of Pharmacy
Depositing User: Nigel Temperton
Date Deposited: 28 Jun 2013 12:18 UTC
Last Modified: 04 Dec 2017 10:54 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/34448 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Scott, Simon D.: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8290-0461
Temperton, Nigel J.: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7978-3815
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