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Intentional retrieval suppression can conceal guilty knowledge in ERP memory detection tests

Bergström, Zara M, Anderson, Michael, Buda, Marie, Simons, Jon S, Richardson-Klavehn, Alan (2013) Intentional retrieval suppression can conceal guilty knowledge in ERP memory detection tests. Biological Psychology, 94 (1). pp. 1-11. ISSN 0301-0511.

Abstract

Brain-activity markers of guilty knowledge have been promoted as accurate and reliable measures for establishing criminal culpability. Tests based on these markers interpret the presence or absence of memory-related neural activity as diagnostic of whether or not incriminating information is stored in a suspect’s brain. This conclusion critically relies on the untested assumption that reminders of a crime uncontrollably elicit memory-related brain activity. However, recent research indicates that, in some circumstances, humans can control whether they remember a previous experience by intentionally suppressing retrieval. We examined whether people could use retrieval suppression to conceal neural evidence of incriminating memories as indexed by Event-Related Potentials (ERPs). When people were motivated to suppress crime retrieval, their memory-related ERP effects were significantly decreased, allowing guilty individuals to evade detection. Our findings indicate that brain measures of guilty knowledge may be under criminals’ intentional control and place limits on their use in legal settings.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology > Cognitive Psychology
Depositing User: Zara Bergstrom
Date Deposited: 11 Jun 2013 09:07 UTC
Last Modified: 29 May 2019 10:16 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/34222 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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