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Coupling of the antitumoral enzyme bovine seminal ribonuclease to polyethylene glycol chains increases its systemic efficacy in mice.

Michaelis, Martin, Cinatl, Jindrich, Cinatl, Jaroslav, Pouckova, Pavla, Langer, Klaus, Kreuter, Jörg, Matousek, Josef (2002) Coupling of the antitumoral enzyme bovine seminal ribonuclease to polyethylene glycol chains increases its systemic efficacy in mice. Anti-cancer drugs, 13 (2). pp. 149-54. ISSN 0959-4973. (The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided)

The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided. (Contact us about this Publication)

Abstract

Bovine seminal ribonuclease (BS-RNase) is an antitumoral active enzyme exhibiting specific antitumoral action against a number of different cancer cell lines. However, its systemic use is limited by its pharmacokinetic properties and antigenicity. Therefore, it was conjugated to polyethylene glycol (PEG) chains to overcome these problems. Measurement of aspermatogenic effects of the preparation after s.c. injection and injection into the scrotum was chosen as a model for the distribution of the enzyme in the body mediated by the linkage to PEG chains. Additionally, the antigenicity of BS-RNase coupled to PEG chains (BS-RNase-PEG) was compared to that of free BS-RNase, as antigenicity is known to be one of the main obstacles in the use of protein-based drugs. BS-RNase-PEG caused aspermatogenic effects after systemic administration to mice in very low concentrations at which free BS-RNase is not effective. Moreover, BS-RNase possessed a very low antigenicity as long as it was coupled to the PEG chains. In order to investigate the antitumoral efficacy of BS-RNase-PEG in vivo, preliminary experiments on the effect of the conjugate on neuroblastoma growth in mice were performed in a UKF-NB-3 xeno-transplantate model, demonstrating a drastically increased anti-tumoral activity of the conjugate compared to the free enzyme.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
Divisions: Faculties > Sciences > School of Biosciences
Depositing User: Martin Michaelis
Date Deposited: 05 Jun 2013 20:04 UTC
Last Modified: 29 May 2019 10:15 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/34127 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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