Skip to main content

Valproic acid inhibits angiogenesis in vitro and in vivo.

Michaelis, Martin, Michaelis, U. Ruth, Fleming, Ingrid, Suhan, Tatyana, Cinatl, Jaroslav, Blaheta, Roman A., Hoffmann, Katrin, Kotchetkov, Rouslan, Busse, Rudi, Nau, Heinz, and others. (2004) Valproic acid inhibits angiogenesis in vitro and in vivo. Molecular Pharmacology, 65 (3). pp. 520-7. ISSN 0026-895X. (The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided)

The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided. (Contact us about this Publication)

Abstract

Valproic acid (VPA) is a widely used antiepileptic agent that is undergoing clinical evaluation for anticancer therapy. We assessed the effects of VPA on angiogenesis in vitro and in vivo. In human umbilical vein endothelial cells, therapeutically relevant concentrations of VPA (0.25 to 1 mM) inhibited proliferation, migration, and tube formation. VPA 1 mM inhibited endothelial cell proliferation by 51 +/- 5%, migration by 86 +/- 11%, and tube formation by 82 +/- 3%. These changes were preceded by the hyperacetylation of histone H4, indicating the inhibition of histone deacetylase (HDAC), and a decreased expression of the endothelial nitric-oxide synthase (eNOS). The inhibition of endothelial cell tube formation by VPA was prevented by addition of the nitric oxide donor (Z)-1-[2-(2-aminoethyl)-N-(2-ammonioethyl)amino]diazen-1-ium-1,2-diolate (DETA NONOate). The anticonvulsive active VPA derivative 2-ethyl-4-methylpentanoic acid, which does not inhibit HDAC, did not affect endothelial cell proliferation, tube formation, or eNOS expression. VPA was also found to inhibit angiogenesis in vivo in the chicken chorioallantoic membrane assay and in a Matrigel plug assay in mice. Embryos from VPA-treated mice showed disturbed vessel formation. These results indicate that therapeutic plasma levels of VPA inhibit angiogenesis by a mechanism involving a decrease in eNOS expression preceded by HDAC inhibition.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
Divisions: Faculties > Sciences > School of Biosciences
Depositing User: Martin Michaelis
Date Deposited: 05 Jun 2013 20:13 UTC
Last Modified: 29 May 2019 10:15 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/34122 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
  • Depositors only (login required):