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Valproic acid inhibits adhesion of vincristine- and cisplatin-resistant neuroblastoma tumour cells to endothelium.

Blaheta, Roman A., Michaelis, Martin, Natsheh, I., Hasenberg, Christoph, Weich, E., Relja, B., Jonas, Dietger, Doerr, Hans Wilhelm, Cinatl, J. (2007) Valproic acid inhibits adhesion of vincristine- and cisplatin-resistant neuroblastoma tumour cells to endothelium. British Journal of Cancer, 96 (11). pp. 1699-706. ISSN 0007-0920. (The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided)

The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided. (Contact us about this Publication)

Abstract

Drug resistance to chemotherapy is often associated with increased malignancy in neuroblastoma (NB). In pursuit of alternative treatments for chemoresistant tumour cells, we tested the response of multidrug-resistant SKNSH and of vincristine (VCR)-, doxorubicin (DOX)-, or cisplatin (CDDP)-resistant UKF-NB-2, UKF-NB-3 or UKF-NB-6 NB tumour cell lines to valproic acid (VPA), a differentiation inducer currently in clinical trials. Drug resistance caused elevated NB adhesion (UKF-NB-2(VCR), UKF-NB-2(DOX), UKF-NB-2(CDDP), UKF-NB-3(VCR), UKF-NB-3(CDDP), UKF-NB-6(VCR), UKF-NB-6(CDDP)) to an endothelial cell monolayer, accompanied by downregulation of the adhesion receptor neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM). Based on the UKF-NB-3 model, N-myc proteins were enhanced in UKF-NB-3(VCR) and UKF-NB-3(CDDP), compared to the drug naïve controls. p73 was diminished, whereas the p73 isoform deltaNp73 was upregulated in UKF-NB-3(VCR) and UKF-NB-3(CDDP). Valproic acid blocked adhesion of UKF-NB-3(VCR) and UKF-NB-3(CDDP), but not of UKF-NB-3(DOX), and induced the upregulation of NCAM surface expression, NCAM protein content and NCAM coding mRNA. Valproic acid diminished N-myc and enhanced p73 protein level, coupled with downregulation of deltaNp73 in UKF-NB-3(VCR) and UKF-NB-3(CDDP). Valproic acid also reverted enhanced adhesion properties of drug-resistant UKF-NB-2, UKF-NB-6 and SKNSH cells, and therefore may provide an alternative approach to the treatment of drug-resistant NB by blocking invasive processes.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
Divisions: Faculties > Sciences > School of Biosciences
Depositing User: Martin Michaelis
Date Deposited: 05 Jun 2013 21:09 UTC
Last Modified: 29 May 2019 10:14 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/34089 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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