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Contextual Emotional Labor: An Exploratory of Muslim Female Employees in Pakistan

Syed, Jawad, Ali, Faiza (2013) Contextual Emotional Labor: An Exploratory of Muslim Female Employees in Pakistan. Gender in Management: An International Journal, 28 (4). pp. 228-246. ISSN 1754-2413. (doi:10.1108/GM-01-2013-0007) (The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided)

The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided. (Contact us about this Publication)
Official URL
http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/GM-01-2013-0007

Abstract

Purpose – The aim of this paper is to examine contextual emotional labor, which is a long-term emotional experience in response to conflicting demands of societal and organizational contexts. Design/methodology/approach – Drawing on qualitative interviews with Muslim female employees in two textile firms in Lahore, Pakistan, the paper explores the nature and extent of contextual emotional labor associated with these women's decision to step into “the male domain”. Findings – The study identifies contextual emotional labor as an integral part of Muslim female employees' work in the formal employment sector resulting from an ongoing tension between the display rules of the workplace and Islamic female modesty. Research limitations/implications – Scholars may wish to investigate the nature and form of contextual emotional labor in diverse geographic, cultural and religious contexts in order to refine the findings and theoretical implications of this study. Practical implications – Organizations may consider placing Muslim women in those roles in which there is lesser likelihood of conflict between their organizational and societal display rules, while not compromising their career. On a societal level, policy makers and religious scholars may consider findings ways to promote an enlightened interpretation of religious principles and their gender egalitarian practices to alleviate the contextual emotional labor experiences by female employees and other relevant groups. Originality/value – The paper offers original empirical research on an under-explored topic and geographical area.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1108/GM-01-2013-0007
Uncontrolled keywords: Contextual emotional labor, Gender, Modesty, Muslim women, Pakistan
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > Kent Business School > Industrial Relations/HRM
Depositing User: Cathy Norman
Date Deposited: 03 May 2013 14:10 UTC
Last Modified: 29 May 2019 10:09 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/33792 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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