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The Decline of University Patenting and the End of the Bayh–Dole Effect

Leydesdorff, Loet, Meyer, Martin S. (2010) The Decline of University Patenting and the End of the Bayh–Dole Effect. Scientometrics, 83 (2). pp. 355-362. ISSN 0138-9130. (doi:10.1007/s11192-009-0001-6;) (The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided)

The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided. (Contact us about this Publication)
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https://doi.org/10.1007/s11192-009-0001-6; ARC/ERA...

Abstract

University patenting has been heralded as a symbol of changing relations between universities and their social environments. The Bayh–Dole Act of 1980 in the USA was eagerly promoted by the OECD as a recipe for the commercialization of university research, and the law was imitated by a number of national governments. However, since the 2000s university patenting in the most advanced economies has been on the decline both as a percentage and in absolute terms. In addition to possible saturation effects and institutional learning, we suggest that the institutional incentives for university patenting have disappeared with the new regime of university ranking. Patents and spin-offs are not counted in university rankings. In the new arrangements of university–industry–government relations, universities have become very responsive to changes in their relevant environments.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1007/s11192-009-0001-6;
Uncontrolled keywords: Patents ? Indicator ? Legislation ? Entrepreneurial university ? Triple Helix ? Mode-2
Subjects: H Social Sciences
H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > Kent Business School
Faculties > Social Sciences > Kent Business School > International Business and Strategy
Depositing User: Martin Meyer
Date Deposited: 25 Apr 2013 09:44 UTC
Last Modified: 29 May 2019 10:08 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/33687 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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