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Body guilt: Preliminary evidence for a further subjective experience of self-objectification

Calogero, Rachel M., Pina, Afroditi (2011) Body guilt: Preliminary evidence for a further subjective experience of self-objectification. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 35 (3). pp. 428-440. ISSN 0361-6843. (doi:10.1177/0361684311408564)

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0361684311408564

Abstract

Two studies investigated body guilt (i.e., feeling regret and remorse over how the body looks and a desire for reparative action to “fix” the body) within the framework of objectification theory among predominantly White British undergraduate women. In Study 1 (N = 225), participants completed self-report measures of interpersonal sexual objectification, self-surveillance, body shame, body guilt, and eating restraint. Path analyses indicated support for the inclusion of body guilt in the objectification model, with body shame and body guilt fully mediating the relationship between self-surveillance and eating restraint. In Study 2 (N = 85), participants reported higher body guilt, self-surveillance, body shame, and eating restraint when self-objectification was situationally activated, compared to the activation of body empowerment or a neutral condition. Path analyses in the second study replicated the objectification model from Study 1 with a state measure of self-objectification. These findings suggest that women also feel guilt (in addition to shame) about their bodies when attention is directed toward their physical appearance and wish to “correct” their body via disordered eating. Acknowledging women’s feelings of guilt in relation to not meeting restrictive beauty standards furthers our understanding of women’s experience of objectification and provides an additional target for reducing women’s mental health risks.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1177/0361684311408564
Uncontrolled keywords: body image; physical appearance; guilt; shame; eating disorders; body mass index; self-objectification; objectification theory
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology > Social Psychology
Depositing User: Afroditi Pina
Date Deposited: 14 Mar 2013 15:26 UTC
Last Modified: 29 May 2019 10:03 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/33409 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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