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Confrontation vs. withdrawal: Cultural differences in responses to threats to honor

Cross, Susan E., Uskul, Ayse K., Gercek-Swing, Berna, Alözkan, Cansu, Ataca, Bilge (2013) Confrontation vs. withdrawal: Cultural differences in responses to threats to honor. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, 16 . pp. 345-362. (doi:10.1177/1368430212461962) (KAR id:32462)


This study compares evaluations by members of an honor culture (Turkey) and a dignity culture (northern US) of honor threat scenarios, in which a target was the victim of either a rude affront or a false accusation, and the target chose to withdraw or confront the attacker. Turkish participants were more likely than American participants to evaluate positively the person who withdrew from the rude affront and the person who confronted the false accusation. Participants in both societies perceived that others in their society would endorse confrontation more than withdrawal in both types of scenarios, but this effect was larger for Turkish than American participants. Endorsement of honor values positively predicted evaluations of the targets most strongly among Turkish participants who read about a person who confronted their attacker. These findings provide insight into the role of cultural norms and individual differences in the ways honor influences behavior.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1177/1368430212461962
Subjects: H Social Sciences
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Human and Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Depositing User: Ayse Uskul
Date Deposited: 06 Dec 2012 21:16 UTC
Last Modified: 08 Dec 2022 16:34 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)

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