The Benefits and Limitations of European Union Membership as a Security Mechanism

Stoian, Carmen R. (2007) The Benefits and Limitations of European Union Membership as a Security Mechanism. European Integration, 29 (2). pp. 189-207. ISSN 0703-6337. (doi: (Full text available)

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With the fall of the Berlin Wall, the end of the post-1945 ‘pax Sovietica’ led not to the ‘end of history’, but rather to an ‘awakening of history’. The wider Europe that emerged in 1989 is facing changing security concerns, which affect both the new democracies and the European Union. Internal security has become increasingly important and has been affected by external security concerns. In particular, threats other than military ones have emerged, leading to the rethinking of the institutional framework entrusted with the safeguarding of security in Europe. EU membership appears to be an effective tool for ensuring European security. This paper highlights the new internal and external political and economic security concerns in transition economies in order to evaluate the benefits and limitations of EU enlargement as a way of addressing these changing security concerns. Several countries, particularly Poland and Romania, are used to exemplify the EU’s role in enhancing security in the applicant countries. The article concludes with policy recommendations for dealing with the limitations of EU membership, and for using the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) as a tool for ensuring security beyond the EU enlargement.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled keywords: European security, Poland, Romania, European integration, EU enlargement, European Neighbourhood Policy
Subjects: H Social Sciences
H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > Kent Business School > International Business and Strategy
Depositing User: Suzanne Duffy
Date Deposited: 14 May 2008 07:12 UTC
Last Modified: 06 Jun 2014 09:20 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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