Comparing outcomes of ‘voluntary’ and ‘quasi-compulsory’ treatment of substance dependence in Europe

Schaub, Michael and Stevens, Alex and Berto, Daniele and Hunt, Neil and Kerschl, Viktoria and McSweeney, Tim and Oeuvray, Kerrie and Puppo, Irene and Santa Maria, Alberto and Trinkl, Barbara and Werdenich, Wolfgang and Uchtenhagen, Ambros (2010) Comparing outcomes of ‘voluntary’ and ‘quasi-compulsory’ treatment of substance dependence in Europe. European Addiction Research, 16 (1). pp. 53-60. ISSN 1022-6877 . (doi: (Full text available)

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Aim: This study evaluates quasi-compulsory drug treatment (QCT) arrangements for substance-dependent offenders receiving treatment instead of imprisonment in comparison to voluntary treatment within five European countries. Methods: Participants were interviewed with the European Addiction Severity Index, the ASI-crime module, questions on perception of pressure and self-efficacy, and the Readinessto- Change Questionnaire at treatment entry and after 6, 12, and 18 months. Results: Reductions in substance use and crime as well as improvements in health and social integration were observed in QCT and voluntary treatment groups. After controlling for various factors, subjects in the QCT and the comparison group showed similar reductions in substance use and crime over time. Study retention was comparable in both groups. Conclusion: QCT is as effective as voluntary treatment provided in the same services in reducing substance use and crime.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled keywords: Quasi-compulsory drug treatment; Substance-dependent offenders; European Addiction Severity Index; ASI-crime module; Readiness-to-Change Questionnaire; Last observation carried forward method
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare > HV5800 Drug use and miuse
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Social Policy Sociology and Social Research
Depositing User: Taryn Duhig
Date Deposited: 18 Jul 2012 13:14 UTC
Last Modified: 17 Jan 2017 11:50 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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