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Twisting arms or a helping hand? Assessing the impact of ‘coerced’ and comparable ‘voluntary’ drug treatment options

McSweeney, Tim, Stevens, Alex, Hunt, Neil, Turnbull, Paul J. (2007) Twisting arms or a helping hand? Assessing the impact of ‘coerced’ and comparable ‘voluntary’ drug treatment options. British Journal of Criminology, 47 (3). pp. 470-490. ISSN 0007-0955. (doi:10.1093/bjc/azl087) (KAR id:29876)

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Official URL
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/bjc/azl087

Abstract

Despite the rapid expansion of options to coerce drug-dependent offenders into

treatment - culminating recently in the provisions of the Drugs Act 2005 and the

government’s ‘Tough Choices’ agenda - research findings to date are equivocal about

their impact in reducing crime. This paper presents UK findings from a pan-European

study on this issue. The results – at both national and international levels - reveal that

court-mandated clients reported significant and sustained reductions in illicit drug use

and offending behaviours, and improvements in other areas of social functioning.

Those entering the same treatment services through non-criminal justice routes also

reported similar reductions and improvements. The implications of these findings are

discussed in the context of recent policy developments.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1093/bjc/azl087
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare > HV5800 Drug habits and abuse
Divisions: Divisions > Division for the Study of Law, Society and Social Justice > School of Social Policy, Sociology and Social Research
Depositing User: Alex Stevens
Date Deposited: 16 Jul 2012 15:26 UTC
Last Modified: 16 Nov 2021 10:07 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/29876 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Stevens, Alex: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4878-3871
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