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With or without gringos: When Panamanians talk about the United States and its citizens

Theodossopoulos, Dimitrios (2010) With or without gringos: When Panamanians talk about the United States and its citizens. Social Analysis, 54 (1). pp. 52-70. ISSN 0155-977X. (doi:10.3167/sa.2010.540104) (Access to this publication is currently restricted. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided) (KAR id:28763)

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In local and informal contexts, Panamanians talk about the power of the United States and describe its citizens in multifaceted and complex terms. In this article I examine those views as they are articulated in informal urban settings in Panama City and in conversa- tions with middle-class Panamanians. My respondents evaluate the US-Panama relationship and discuss individual North Americans with realism, reflecting a graceful but critical spirit of forgiveness toward their more powerful ally. A broader awareness of US colonialism in the past is combined with a pragmatic acknowledgement of opportunities in the present and the desire for a more equal relationship in the future. I argue that the opportunity to voice unreserved opinions about power- ful Others can potentially empower local actors.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.3167/sa.2010.540104
Uncontrolled keywords: Anti-Americanism, gringos, Panama, politics, power, stereotypes, US-Panama relationship
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GN Anthropology
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Human and Social Sciences > School of Anthropology and Conservation
Depositing User: Dimitrios Theodossopoulos
Date Deposited: 10 Oct 2012 21:11 UTC
Last Modified: 16 Nov 2021 10:07 UTC
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