Probable community transfer of parous adult female chimpanzees in the Budongo Forest, Uganda

Emery Thompson, Melissa and Newton-Fisher, Nicholas E. and Reynolds, Vernon (2006) Probable community transfer of parous adult female chimpanzees in the Budongo Forest, Uganda. International Journal of Primatology, 27 (6). pp. 1601-1617. ISSN 0164-0291. (The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided)

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Female chimpanzees with dependent offspring generally avoid border areas of their community's home range because they risk aggression and infanticide from extracommunity males. Typically, only nulliparous females risk crossing the boundary areas to transfer between communities; while immigration of parous females occurs, it is extremely rare and dangerous for the females and their offspring. In the Budongo Forest, Uganda, where researchers have continuously studied the Sonso community since 1990, our field data provide strong indications that >= 5 adult females with offspring have immigrated into the community. If the interpretation is correct, then it has fundamental implications for our understanding of female chimpanzee social strategies and dispersal patterns. Further, the identification of such a large number of new individuals within a short time frame is remarkable and suggests a major event, such as the breakup of a neighboring community or major habitat disturbance. We explore the evidence that points to the events as immigrations and discuss the implications for understanding the chimpanzee social system.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled keywords: female transfer immigration ranging patterns social organization kibale-national-park bonobos pan-paniscus wild chimpanzees brachyteles-arachnoides inbreeding avoidance grouping patterns fruit abundance social-behavior cycling females infanticide
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH541 Ecology
Q Science > QL Zoology
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GN Anthropology
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Anthropology and Conservation > Biological Anthropology
Depositing User: Nicholas E. Newton-Fisher
Date Deposited: 26 May 2011 15:27
Last Modified: 02 Jun 2014 14:12
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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