Victimisation of Mentally Ill Patients Living in the Community: Is it a Lifestyle issue?

Wood, Jane L. and Edwards, Kim S.S. (2005) Victimisation of Mentally Ill Patients Living in the Community: Is it a Lifestyle issue? Legal and Criminological Psychology, 10 (2). pp. 279-290. ISSN 1355-3259. (Full text available)

This is the latest version of this item.

PDF
Download (178kB)
[img]
Preview
Official URL
http://dx.doi.org/10.1348/135532505X40836

Abstract

Purpose. Although criminal victimization of mentally ill patients has been researched, what little work there is focuses on in-patient samples. This study aimed to compare crimes against mentally ill patients living in the community with crimes against students who have a high life-style risk of victimization. Methods. The samples were selected via community-based mental health services and a university population. A group of 40 mentally ill patients and 80 students reported experiences of victimization in the previous 12 months and attitudes towards the police. Results. Female mentally ill patients reported the highest victimization, but both male and female patients reported more victimization than did students. Mentally ill patients also held more negative opinions of the police. Conclusions. The results show that mentally ill patients experience more victimization when compared with the victimization experiences of a similar life-style risk group. Discussion focuses on the implications for mentally ill patients living in the community, the support networks available to them, and relations between the police and mentally ill patients.

Item Type: Article
Additional information: Barberet, R., Fisher, B. S., Farrell, G., & Taylor, H. (2003). University student safety. London: HMSO. British Crime Survey England and Wales. (2000). Home office statistical bulletin 18/00. London: Home Office. Cascardi, M., Mueser, K. T., DeGiralomo, J., & Murrin, M. M. (1996). Physical aggression against psychiatric inpatients by family members and partners. Psychiatric Services, 47, 531–533. Clarke, R. V., & Felson, M. (1993). Routine activity and rational choice. London: Transaction Publishers. Coleman, C., & Moynihan, J. (1996). Understanding crime data: Haunted by the dark figure. Buckingham: Open University Press. Dobson, F. (1998, July 30). At last–a sane and healthy attitude to mental illness. The Independent p. 3 (London). Garofalo, J. (1997). Hate crime victimisation in the United States. In R. C. Davis, A. J. Lurigio, & W. G. Skogan (Eds.), Victims of crime (2nd ed.) (pp. 134–145). London: Sage Publications. Greenberg, M. S., Ruback, R. B., & Westcott, D. R. (1982). Decision making by crime victims: A multimethod approach. Law and Society Review, 17, 47–83. Hiday, V. A. (1995). The social context of mental illness and violence. Journal of Health and Social Behaviour, 36, 122–137. Hiday, V. A., Swartz, M. S., Swanson, J. W., Borum, R., & Wagner, H. R. (1999). Criminal victimisation of persons with severe mental illness. Psychiatric Services, 50, 62–68. Hollin, C. (1992). Criminal Behaviour: A psychological approach to explanation and prevention. Hove: Psychology Press. Hope, T., Bryan, J., Trickett, A., & Osborn, D. R. (2001). The phenomena of multiple victimisation: The relationship between personal and property crime risk. British Journal of Criminology, 41, 595–617. Jacobson, A. (1989). Physical and sexual assault histories among psychiatric outpatients. American Journal of Psychiatry, 146, 755–758. Jacobson, A., & Richardson, B. (1987). Assault experiences of 100 psychiatric inpatients: Evidence of the need for routine inquiry. American Journal of Psychiatry, 144, 908–913. Laub, J. H. (1997). Patterns of criminal victimisation in the United States. In R. C. Davis, A. J. Lurigio, & W. G. Skogan (Eds.), Victims of crime (2nd ed.) (pp. 9–26). London: Sage Publications. Lauritsen, J. (2001). The social ecology of violent victimisation: Individual and contextual effects in the NCVS. Journal of Quantitative Criminology, 17, 3–32. Marley, J. A., & Buila, S. (1999). When violence happens to people with mental illness: Disclosing victimisation. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 69, 398–402. Marley, J. A., & Buila, S. (2001). Crimes against people with mental illness: Types, perpetrators, and influencing factors. Social Work, 46, 115–124. Mawby, R. I. (1980). Sex and crime: The results of a self-report study. British Journal of Sociology, 31, 525–543. Mental Health Act. (1959). HMSO, London. Mayhew, P., Aye Maung, N., & Mirrlees-Black, C. (1993). The 1992 British Crime Survey. London: HMSO (HORS No. 132). Murray, C., & Thompson, F. (1985). The representation of authority: An adolescent viewpoint. Journal of Adolescence, 8, 217–229. National Crime Victimization Survey. (2000). Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office. Schneider, A. L. (1981). Methodological problems in victim surveys and their implications for research in victimology. Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, 72, 818–838. Silver, E. (2000). Race, neighbourhood disadvantage, and violence among persons with mental disorders: The importance of contextual measurement. Law and Human Behavior, 24, 449–456. Silver, E. (2002). Mental disorder and violent victimisation: The mediating role of involvement in conflicted social relationships. Criminology, 191–212. Sparks, R. F., Genn, H. G., & Dodd, D. J. (1977). Surveying victims: A study of the measurement of criminal victimisation, perceptions of crime, and attitudes to criminal justice. Chichester: Wiley. Walklate, S. (1997). Risk and criminal victimisation: A modernist dilemma? British Journal of Criminology, 37, 35–45. Walsh, E., Buchanan, A., & Fahy, T. (2002). Violence and schizophrenia: Examining the evidence. British Journal of Psychiatry, 180, 490–495. Williams, C. (1993). Vulnerable victims? A current awareness of the victimisation of people with learning disabilities. Disability, Handicap and Society, 8, 161–171. Wilton, R. D. (2003). Poverty and mental health: A qualitative study of residential care facility tenants. Community Mental Health Journal, 39, 139–156. Wohlfarth, T., Winkel, F. W., Ybema, J. F., & van den Brink, W. (2001). The relationship between socio-economic inequality and criminal victimisation: A prospective study. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 36, 361–370.
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
H Social Sciences
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Depositing User: Jane Wood
Date Deposited: 08 Nov 2010 14:38
Last Modified: 28 Nov 2014 09:33
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/26034 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)

Available versions of this item

  • Victimisation of Mentally Ill Patients Living in the Community: Is it a Lifestyle issue? (deposited 08 Nov 2010 14:38) [Currently Displayed]
  • Depositors only (login required):