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Prevalence of, and risk factors for cycle helmet use in children in East Sussex and Kent.

Cryer, Colin, Cole, Jeremy, Davidson, Leslie L. (1998) Prevalence of, and risk factors for cycle helmet use in children in East Sussex and Kent. Injury Prevention, (4). pp. 106-110. (doi:10.1136/ip.4.2.106) (KAR id:24538)

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Objectives—To assess the level of cycle helmet wearing among young people in two counties in the South East of England in 1994, and to identify the factors associated with helmet wearing.

Design—Cross sectional survey in a convenience sample.

Setting—Secondary schools in East Sussex and Kent.

Subjects—Students in year 7 (aged 10–12 years) and year 11 (aged 14–16 years).

Main outcome measures—Self reported “always wears a helmet”.

Results—Among those who ride a bicycle, 32% of boys and 29% of girls aged 10–12 years, and 14% of boys and 10% of girls aged 14–16, reported that they always wear helmets. The variables that were most consistently associated with helmet wearing (that is significantly associated with helmet wearing in at least five of the six age, sex, and county subgroups) were: “parental encouragement to wear a helmet”, “closest friend wears a helmet”, “belief that laws that make children wear helmets are good”, and “sometimes rides off-road”.

Conclusions—The self reported rates of always wearing a cycle helmet in East Sussex and Kent are consistent with overseas findings for populations who had not been exposed to intensive helmet promotion. The evidence suggests that parental encouragement has a favourable effect on rates of cycle helmet use among secondary schoolchildren, which is separate from and additional to peer influences. When designing a helmet promotion programme, therefore, it will have added impact if both parents and children are addressed.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1136/ip.4.2.106
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
H Social Sciences > HM Sociology
Divisions: Divisions > Division for the Study of Law, Society and Social Justice > School of Social Policy, Sociology and Social Research > Centre for Health Services Studies
Depositing User: Tony Rees
Date Deposited: 29 Jun 2011 14:13 UTC
Last Modified: 16 Nov 2021 10:03 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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