Cost Recovery for Water Services and the Polluter Pays Principle

Howarth, William (2009) Cost Recovery for Water Services and the Polluter Pays Principle. ERA Forum (the Journal of the Academy of European Law) , 10 (4). pp. 565-587. ISSN 1612-3093. (doi: (Full text available)

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This paper considers the general rationale for cost recovery pricing in respect of water services and examines the specific provision that is made for this, and related obligations, in Article 9 of the European Community Water Framework Directive. Despite guidance drawn from the Common Implementation Strategy, uncertainties remain, particularly with regard to the need to recover environmental and resource costs and how account should be taken of the polluter pays principle. Given the intractable character of these difficulties, it is suggested that the some of the practical outcomes and environmental benefits of implementation are speculative.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled keywords: European Community Water Framework Directive; Cost Recovery for Water Services; Environmental and Resource Costs; Polluter Pays Principle.
Subjects: K Law
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > Kent Law School
Depositing User: Sarah Slowe
Date Deposited: 03 Mar 2010 11:24 UTC
Last Modified: 17 Jan 2017 11:18 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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