Structure-function analysis of Arg-Gly-Asp helix motifs in alpha v beta 6 integrin ligands

DiCara, Danielle and Rapisarda, Chiara and Sutcliffe, Julie L. and Violette, Shelia M. and Weinreb, Paul H. and Hart, Ian R. and Howard, Mark J. and Marshall, John F. (2007) Structure-function analysis of Arg-Gly-Asp helix motifs in alpha v beta 6 integrin ligands. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 282 (13). 9657 -9665. ISSN 0021-9258. (The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided)

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Data relating to the structural basis of ligand recognition by integrins are limited. Here we describe the physical requirements for high affinity binding of ligands to alpha v beta 6. By combining a series of structural analyses with functional testing, we show that 20-mer peptide ligands, derived from high affinity ligands of alpha v beta 6 (foot-and-mouth-disease virus, latency associated peptide), have a common structure comprising an Arg-Gly-Asp motif at the tip of a hairpin turn followed immediately by a C-terminal helix. This arrangement allows two conserved Leu/Ile residues at Asp(+1) and Asp(+4) to be presented on the outside face of the helix enabling a potential hydrophobic interaction with the alpha v beta 6 integrin, in addition to the Arg-Gly-Asp interaction. The extent of the helix determines peptide affinity for alpha v beta 6 and potency as an alpha v beta 6 antagonist. A major role of this C-terminal helix is likely to be the correct positioning of the Asp(+1) and Asp(+4) residues. These data suggest an explanation for several biological functions of alpha v beta 6 and provide a structural platform for design of alpha v beta 6 antagonists.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QR Microbiology
Divisions: Faculties > Science Technology and Medical Studies > School of Biosciences
Depositing User: Louise Dorman
Date Deposited: 19 Mar 2008 18:33
Last Modified: 29 Apr 2014 08:16
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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