Skip to main content
Kent Academic Repository

Doping of a high calcium oxide metaphosphate glass with titanium dioxide

Abou Neel, Ensanya A., Chrzanowski, Wojciech, Valappil, Sabeel P., O'Dell, Luke A., Pickup, David M., Smith, Mark E., Newport, Robert J., Knowles, Jonathan C. (2009) Doping of a high calcium oxide metaphosphate glass with titanium dioxide. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 355 (16-17). pp. 991-1000. ISSN 0022-3093. (doi:10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2009.04.016) (KAR id:22314)


This study investigates the effect of doping a high calcium oxide containing metaphosphate glass series (CaO)(40)(Na2O)(10)(P2O5)(50) with TiO2 (1, 3, and 5 mol%). TiO2 incorporation increased the density and glass transition temperature while reduced the degradation rate (5 mol% in particular) by twofold compared with (CaO)30 system reported previously. This has been confirmed by ion release and the minimal pH changes. TiP2O7, NaCa(PO3)(3) and CaP2O6 phases were detected for all TiO2-containing ceramics. XPS showed that the surface is composed of Ca, h, and Ti. Ti was recognized mainly as TiO2, but its total amount was lower than theoretical values. P-31 magic angle spinning (MAS) NMR showed a downfield shift of the P-31 lineshape with increasing TiO2, interpreted as an effect of the titanium cation rather than an increase in the phosphate network connectivity. FTIR showed that incorporation of TiO2 increased the strength of the phosphate chains, and the O/P ratio while introducing more Q(1) units into the structure at the expense of the Q(2) units. There were no differences, however, in surface topography roughness and free energies between these glasses. These results suggested that TiO2 and CaO were acting synergistically in producing glasses with controllable bulk and structural properties

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2009.04.016
Uncontrolled keywords: Bioglass; Biomaterials; Chemical durability; Glass ceramics; X-ray diffraction; Glass transition; FTIR measurements; NMRMAS-NMR and NQR
Subjects: Q Science
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Natural Sciences > Physics and Astronomy
Funders: Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (
University of Warwick (
Depositing User: J.M. Smith
Date Deposited: 18 Aug 2009 11:20 UTC
Last Modified: 12 Jul 2022 10:39 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)

University of Kent Author Information

Pickup, David M..

Creator's ORCID:
CReDIT Contributor Roles:

Newport, Robert J..

Creator's ORCID:
CReDIT Contributor Roles:
  • Depositors only (login required):

Total unique views for this document in KAR since July 2020. For more details click on the image.