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Gender Empowerment and United Nations Peacebuilduing

Gizelis, Theodora-Ismene (2009) Gender Empowerment and United Nations Peacebuilduing. Journal of Peace Research, 46 (4). pp. 505-523. ISSN 0022-3433. (doi:10.1177/0022343309334576) (Access to this publication is currently restricted. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided) (KAR id:20346)

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/002234330933457

Abstract

Previous studies have suggested that societies where women have higher social and economic status

and greater political representation are less likely to become involved in conflict. In this article, the

author argues that the prospects for successful post-conflict peacebuilding under the auspices of the

United Nations (UN) are generally better in societies where women have greater levels of empowerment.

Women’s status in a society reflects the existence of multiple social networks and domestic capacity

not captured by purely economic measures of development such as GDP per capita. In societies

where women have relatively higher status, women have more opportunities to express a voice in the

peacemaking process and to elicit broader domestic participation in externally led peacekeeping operations.

This higher level of participation in turn implies that UN Peacekeeping operations can tap into

great social capital and have better prospects for success. An empirical analysis of post-conflict cases with

a high risk of conflict recurrence shows that UN peacekeeping operations have been significantly more

effective in societies in which women have relatively higher status. By contrast, UN peacekeeping operations

in countries where women have comparatively lower social status are much less likely to succeed.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1177/0022343309334576
Subjects: J Political Science > JZ International relations
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Human and Social Sciences > School of Politics and International Relations
Depositing User: Ismene Gizelis
Date Deposited: 27 Nov 2009 16:21 UTC
Last Modified: 16 Nov 2021 09:58 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/20346 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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