Ray, Kevin B. and Weatherhead, Richard H. and Pirinccioglu, Necmettin and Williams, Andrew (1994) Enhanced alkaline hydrolysis of monoesterified 4-tert-butylcalixarenes involving intramolecular electrophilic catalysis by the phenolic hydroxy group. Journal of the Chemical Society-Perkin Transactions 2 (1). pp. 83-88. ISSN 0300-9580. (The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided)
Rate enhancements over model systems up to 1600-fold are observed in the alkaline hydrolysis of monobenzoate esters of calixarenes. Spectrophotometric titration of the mono-benzoate ester over a pH range indicates ionisation of phenolic hydroxy groups at pK 6.84,12.14 and > 14.02. The kinetics of hydrolysis of substituted monobenzoate esters of 4-tert-butylcalixarene in 50% (v/v) ethanol-water solvent (at 25-degrees-C) obey pseudo-first-order kinetics which fit the rate law, k(obs) = (k1K(w)/K(a)' + k2[OH])[OH/(K(w)/K(a)' + [OH]) where k, and k2 correspond to bimolecular attack of hydroxide ion on monoanion and dianion respectively. The kinetics were measured at pHs at which the calixarene esters are in their monoanionic form. The kinetics of the alkaline hydrolyses (k(OH)) of substituted benzoate esters of 4-nitrophenol were measured under the same conditions. The following Hammett equations are obeyed. log k1 = 1.86sigma + 1.33 log k2 = 2.21sigma + 0.34 pK(a)' = -2.90sigma + 11.78 log k(OH) = 2.23sigma + 0.26 The large negative Hammett rho value for the pK(a)' of the calixarenes (determined kinetically) is consistent with a strong interaction between the ester and the ionised hydroxy groups, attributed to formation of an intramolecular tetrahedral adduct. The formation of the adduct means that hydrolysis is retarded and the enhancements observed are lower limits. The alkaline hydrolysis of the calixarene esters is due to hydroxide ion attack on monoanion for k1 and on the dianion for k2. The substantial negative Hammett rho values for water attack on dianion and trianion respectively provide unequivocal evidence to exclude these mechanisms in favour of hydroxide ion attack.
|Subjects:||Q Science > QD Chemistry|
|Divisions:||Faculties > Science Technology and Medical Studies > School of Biosciences|
|Depositing User:||O.O. Odanye|
|Date Deposited:||10 Jun 2009 07:01|
|Last Modified:||25 Jun 2014 13:23|
|Resource URI:||https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/19977 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)|