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Predicting race performance in triathlon: The role of perfectionism, achievement goals, and personal goal setting

Stoeber, Joachim, Uphill, Mark A., Hotham, Sarah (2009) Predicting race performance in triathlon: The role of perfectionism, achievement goals, and personal goal setting. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 31 (2). pp. 211-245. ISSN 0895-2779. (KAR id:18975)

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The question of how perfectionism affects performance is highly debated. Because empirical studies examining perfectionism and competitive sport performance are missing, the present research investigated how perfectionism affected race performance and what role athletes’ goals played in this relationship in two prospective studies with competitive triathletes (Study 1: N = 112; Study 2: N = 321). Regression analyses showed that perfectionistic personal standards, high performance-approach goals, low performance-avoidance goals, and high personal goals predicted race performance beyond athletes’ performance level. Moreover, the contrast between performance-avoidance and performance-approach goals mediated the relationship between perfectionistic personal standards and performance, whereas personal goal setting

mediated the relationship between performance-approach goals and performance. The findings indicate that perfectionistic personal standards do not undermine competitive performance, but are associated with goals that help athletes achieve their best possible performance.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Human and Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Funders: [346] Study 2 was supported by a research grant from the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC)
Depositing User: Joachim Stoeber
Date Deposited: 19 Jun 2009 14:45 UTC
Last Modified: 16 Nov 2021 09:57 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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