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Phylogenetic analyses of behavior support existence of culture in wild chimpanzees

Lycett, Stephen J., Collard, Mark, McGrew, William C. Phylogenetic analyses of behavior support existence of culture in wild chimpanzees. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 104 (45). pp. 17588-17592. (doi:10.1073/pnas.0707930104) (The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided) (KAR id:18968)

The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided. (Contact us about this Publication)
Official URL
http://www.pnas.org/content/104/45/17588.abstract

Abstract

Culture has long been considered to be not only unique to humans,

other forms of life. In recent years, however, researchers studying chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) have challenged this idea. Natural populations of chimpanzees have been found to vary greatly in their behavior. Because many of these interpopulation differences cannot be readily explained by ecological factors, it has been argued that they result from social learning and, therefore, can be regarded as cultural variations. Recent studies showing social transmission in captive chimpanzee populations suggest that this hypothesis is plausible. However, the culture hypothesis has been questioned on the grounds that the behavioral variation may be explained at a proximate level by genetic differences between subspecies. Here we use cladistic analyses of the major cross-site

data should show less phylogenetic structure when data from

can be explained primarily by genetic differences between subspecies. Instead, our results support the suggestion that the behavioral patterns are the product of social learning and, therefore, can be considered cultural.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1073/pnas.0707930104
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GN Anthropology
Divisions: Central Services
Depositing User: Stephen Lycett
Date Deposited: 29 Jun 2011 09:25 UTC
Last Modified: 28 May 2019 13:57 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/18968 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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