Skip to main content
Kent Academic Repository

Evaluating the legacy of an integrated conservation and development project around a tiger reserve in India

Gubbi, Sanjay, Linkie, Matthew, Leader-Williams, Nigel (2008) Evaluating the legacy of an integrated conservation and development project around a tiger reserve in India. Environmental Conservation, 35 (4). pp. 331-339. ISSN 0376-8929. (doi:10.1017/S0376892908005225) (Access to this publication is currently restricted. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided) (KAR id:18059)

PDF (Evaluating the legacy of an integrated conservation and development project)
Language: English

Restricted to Repository staff only
[thumbnail of Evaluating the legacy of an integrated conservation and development project]
Official URL:


Independent evaluations of the impact and legacy of large donor-funded integrated conservation and development projects (ICDPs) are critically important but rarely undertaken. The India Eco-Development Project around Periyar Tiger Reserve (PTR-IEDP) in southern India received US$ 6.0 million, of which 43.2% was spent on community-based conservation activities. The PTR-IEDP was internally evaluated as 'successful'. Questionnaire surveys and on-site visits were used to independently evaluate its development impact and legacy, two years after the IEDP ended. Questionnaire surveys were administered to a random sample of 90 respondents from a treatment group who participated in and benefited from IEDP, and to 90 respondents from a control group who did not participate in IEDP. Among the treatment group, 71.1% of respondents were aware of IEDP's objectives, but receipt of community benefits did not influence their attitudes to conservation. Instead, their attitudes were best explained by previous experience of human-wildlife conflict, their age and their participation in an ecotourism-based profession. Furthermore, only 36.4% of the 55 community benefits sampled were still being used or maintained. Future investments in ICDPs, or any similar conservation and developmental projects need to carefully justify any of the developments they implement, and to use appropriate indicators and study design to measure project legacy.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1017/S0376892908005225
Uncontrolled keywords: community benefits; direct incentives; India; integrated conservation and development projects; livelihoods; local attitudes; protected area; sustainability; wildlife conservation
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Human and Social Sciences > School of Anthropology and Conservation > DICE (Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology)
Funders: Wildlife Conservation Society United Kingdom (
Starr Foundation (
Wildlife Conservation Society India (
Centre For Wildlife Studies (
University of Kent (
Kerala Forest Research Institute (
Depositing User: Suzanne Duffy
Date Deposited: 15 Apr 2009 11:12 UTC
Last Modified: 12 Jul 2022 10:39 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)

University of Kent Author Information

Linkie, Matthew.

Creator's ORCID:
CReDIT Contributor Roles:

Leader-Williams, Nigel.

Creator's ORCID:
CReDIT Contributor Roles:
  • Depositors only (login required):

Total unique views for this document in KAR since July 2020. For more details click on the image.