Semantic anemia without surface dyslexia

Weekes, Brendan S. and Robinson, Gail (1997) Semantic anemia without surface dyslexia. Aphasiology, 11 (8). pp. 813-825. ISSN 0268-7038. (The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided)

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A computational model of oral reading developed by Plaut et al. (1996) proposes that reading aloud low-frequency exception words (e.g. yacht) relies upon a reading pathway that maps semantic representations directly onto output phonology. One prediction of this model is that, if the semantic reading pathway is damaged following brain damage, a pattern of surface dyslexic reading will be observed, characterized by frequent regularization errors when reading aloud low-frequency exception words (e.g. shoe --> 'show'). We report the oral reading of a semantic anemic patient (B.P.) who makes frequent semantic intrusion errors on confrontation naming tasks as well as semantic errors on word-picture and picture-picture matching tasks. Contrary to the prediction of the Plaut et al. (1996) model, B.P.'s oral reading of exception words, including his oral reading of picture names that are exception words, is intact. An important additional feature of B.P.'s language profile is that his oral reading of non-words is poor, suggesting that there is impairment to a phonological reading pathway. We argue that B.P.'s preserved oral reading reflects the operation of a lexical, non-semantic reading pathway.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Divisions: Faculties > Science Technology and Medical Studies > Kent Institute of Medicine and Health Sciences (KIMHS)
Depositing User: T.J. Sango
Date Deposited: 29 Apr 2009 14:27
Last Modified: 05 Jun 2014 10:27
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