Solitonlike pulses in perturbed and driven Hertzian chains and their possible applications in detecting buried impurities

Sen, Surajit and Manciu, Marian and Wright, James D. (1998) Solitonlike pulses in perturbed and driven Hertzian chains and their possible applications in detecting buried impurities. Physical Review E: Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics, 57 (2). pp. 2386-2397. ISSN 1063-651X. (The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided)

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We present detailed numerical studies on the motion of an initial perturbation in a chain of spheres which are characterized by Hertzian contacts. We consider the propagation of the perturbation in the presence and in the absence of gravitational compaction in the chain [see R. S. Sinkovits and S. Sen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2686 (1995)]. Our results show that robust solitonlike pulses carry the initial perturbation from the surface to the depths of the Hertzian chains for various magnitudes of the initial perturbation at finite loadings of the column. In addition, we probe the structural characteristics of the solitonlike pulse as a function of the magnitude of the initial impact, of loading, and of the gravitational field. Our results suggest that the solitonlike features, while altered, persist at finite gravitational fields when the compaction of grains with increasing depth becomes important. In the presence of light mass impurities in the Hertzian chain, we present evidence of backscattering of the solitonlike pulse and suggest that acoustic backscattering can be a possible probe of buried light mass impurities in granular beds. In closing, we discuss the propagation of perturbations in finite Hertzian chains when the surface grain is coupled to a transducer which vibrates with very low amplitude and frequency, and we report the formation of metastable standing-wave-like patterns in finite Hertzian chains.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics > QC20 Mathematical Physics
Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: Faculties > Science Technology and Medical Studies > School of Physical Sciences
Depositing User: Tara Puri
Date Deposited: 03 Jul 2009 14:41
Last Modified: 25 Jun 2014 13:53
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