# The ICD plan a brief cognitive-behavioural self-management programme for ICD patients improves physical health and activity levels and reduces psychological morbidityand unplanned re-admissions

Lewin, Robert J. P., Coulton, Simon, Cox, Helen, Kaye, G. (2006) The ICD plan a brief cognitive-behavioural self-management programme for ICD patients improves physical health and activity levels and reduces psychological morbidityand unplanned re-admissions. European Heart Journal, 27 . p. 461. ISSN 0195-668X. (The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided) (KAR id:16982)

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## Abstract

Background Although ICDs are appreciated by the great majority of patients a number of surveys have shown raised levels of Anxiety and Depression and reduced Health Related Quality of Life in a substantial minority of patients. We developed and evaluated a cognitive-behavioural programme, based around a printed and audio-taped self-help manual, to psychologically prepare patients for implantation and for their rehabilitation after discharge. We evaluated its effectiveness in a multicentred, intention-to-treat trial with cluster randomisation of 8 large ICD implantation centres in the UK.

Patients A series of adult patients undergoing implantation with an ICD. Interventions The control group received usual care. The experimental group usual care plus the cognitive-behavioural programme delivered by an arrhythmia nurse, prior to and immediately after implantation and continuing after discharge through 4 phone contacts over 12 weeks.

Main outcome measures Quality of Life (SF12), % of patients borderline' or case' for Anxiety or Depression (Hospital Anxiety & Depression Scale), Activity Limitations (Seattle Angina Questionnaire, SAQ), planned and unplanned admissions to hospital.

Results 192 patients were consented. Multi-level modelling (to take into account the clustered nature of participants within centres) showed differences favouring the self-help programme in the physical component of the SF-12 (mean difference 3.08; CI 1.13 to 5.04) and the physical limitations subscale of the SAQ (mean difference 2.22; CI 0.11 to 7.22) at the 0.05 level in favour of the intervention group. Similarly, there was a greater reduction in the proportion of case of depression and anxiety between implantation and 6 months in the intervention group vs control group, 13.2% vs. 2.1% and 20.8% vs. 12.7% respectively. Significant differences were also observed in planned ECG's (88.9% vs 66.3%) and unplanned emergency admissions (11.1% vs 24.5%). Economic analysis showed the self-help manual to be highly cost effective.

Conclusions: The ICD Plan a cognitive-behavioural self-management programme provides clinically worthwhile benefits to ICD patients, significantly reducing cases of anxiety and depression improving HRQOL and reducing emergency readmissions by 50%. It is simple to institute, requires very little resource and can easily be added to the existing routines.

Item Type: Article Times Cited: 0 World Congress of Cardiology SEP 02-06, 2006 Barcelona, SPAIN R Medicine > R Medicine (General)B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Social Policy Sociology and Social Research > Centre for Health Services Studies Simon Coulton 19 Mar 2009 14:03 UTC 22 Jan 2020 04:02 UTC https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/16982 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes) https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7704-3274