The pulvinar sign on magnetic resonance imaging in variant Creutzfetdt-Jakob disease

Zeidler, Martin and Sellar, Robin J. and Collie, Donald A. and Knight, Richard and Stewart, Gillian and Macleod, Margaret-Ann and Ironside, James and Cousens, Simon and Colchester, Alan C. F. and Hadley, Donald M. and Will, Robert G. (2000) The pulvinar sign on magnetic resonance imaging in variant Creutzfetdt-Jakob disease. Lancet, 355 (9213). pp. 1412-1418. ISSN 0140-6736. (The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided)

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Background There is a need for an accurate non-invasive diagnostic test for variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD), We investigated the sensitivity and specificity of bilateral pulvinar high signal on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for the diagnosis of vCJD. Methods MRI from patients with vCJD and controls (patients with suspected CJD) were analysed. Scans were reviewed on two separate occasions by two neuroradiologists and scored for the distribution of changes, and likely final diagnosis. Scans from vCJD cases were reassessed to reach a consensus on all abnormalities. Findings We analysed 36 patients and 57 controls. vCJD patients were correctly identified based on bilateral pulvinar high signal in 29 of 36 and 32 of 36 cases on the first assessment by the two radiologists, and 32 of 36 and 31 of 36 on their second assessment. Bilateral increased pulvinar signal was identified in one of 57 and one of 57 controls on the first assessment and two of 57 and three of 57 controls on the second assessment. These reported changes in controls were graded as minimal/equivocal in six of seven patients and moderate in one (<0.5% of all control assessments). 80% of the assessments in vCJD cases were graded as moderate or substantial. On consensus review, 28 of 36 cases and none of 57 controls had prominent bilateral pulvinar signal-sensitivity 78% (95% CI 60-90%) and specificity 100% (95% CI 94-100%), Other common MRI features of vCJD were medial thalamic and periaqueductal grey matter high signal, and the notable absence of cerebral atrophy. Pulvinar high signal correlated with histological gliosis. Interpretation In the appropriate clinical context the MRI identification of bilaterally increased pulvinar signal is a useful non-invasive test for the diagnosis of vCJD.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine
Divisions: Faculties > Science Technology and Medical Studies > Kent Institute of Medicine and Health Sciences (KIMHS)
Depositing User: A. Xie
Date Deposited: 22 Apr 2009 17:25
Last Modified: 09 Jul 2014 14:22
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