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Short term memory and selection processes in a frontal-lobe model

Usher, Marius and Cohen, Jonathan D. (1999) Short term memory and selection processes in a frontal-lobe model. In: Heinke, Dietmar and Humphreys, Glyn W. and Olson, Andrew, eds. Connectionist Models in Cognitive Neuroscience The 5th Neural Computation and Psychology Workshop. Perspectives in Neural Computing . Springer, London, UK, pp. 78-91. ISBN 978-1-85233-052-1. E-ISBN 978-1-4471-0813-9. (doi:10.1007/978-1-4471-0813-9_7) (The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided) (KAR id:16696)

The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided.
Official URL
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4471-0813-9_7

Abstract

We present a neural model that addresses the capacity of a frontal lobe system to hold up information for short periods of time and to perform response selection. In the model, reverberation states are sustained after stimulus offset, due to loops of recurrent excitation in neural cell assemblies and lateral inhibition is necessary to block an uncontrolled spread of activation. At high levels of inhibition the system performs response selection, and at lower levels it retains a number of units in active states, after stimulus offset. It is shown formally that such a system has capacity limitations: only a limited number of cell assemblies can be retained. Sequential presentation of a list of items is simulated and serial position curves characterised by recency are obtained. The model explains recency, list-length and presentation rate effects in immediate cued recall, as well as semantic effects and patterns of forgetting in Brown-Peterson type of experiments. A reduction in the strength of recurrent excitations explains the absence of lexical effects in tests of immediate memory for frontal lobe patients [1] and more extreme reductions result in impairments of response selection in dynamic aphasia [2].

Item Type: Book section
DOI/Identification number: 10.1007/978-1-4471-0813-9_7
Uncontrolled keywords: Serial Position, Lateral Inhibition, Response Selection, Serial Recall, List Length
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
P Language and Literature > P Philology. Linguistics
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Human and Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Depositing User: F.D. Zabet
Date Deposited: 20 Mar 2009 11:37 UTC
Last Modified: 16 Nov 2021 09:54 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/16696 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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