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Synthesis, characterisation and performance of (TiO2)(0.18)(SiO2)(0.82) xerogel catalysts

Holland, Mark A., Pickup, David M., Mountjoy, Gavin, Tsang, Edman S. C., Wallidge, Graham, Newport, Robert J., Smith, Mark E. (2000) Synthesis, characterisation and performance of (TiO2)(0.18)(SiO2)(0.82) xerogel catalysts. Journal of Materials Chemistry, 10 (11). pp. 2495-2501. ISSN 0959-9428. (doi:10.1039/b005408i) (KAR id:16224)

Abstract

The synthesis of high surface area xerogels has been achieved using the sol-gel route. Heptane washing was used during the stages of drying to minimise capillary pressures and hence preserve pore structure and maximise the surface area. SAXS data have identified that heptane washing during drying, in general, results in a preservation of the pore structure and surface areas of up to 450 m(2) g(-1). O-17 NMR showed that Ti is fully mixed into the silica network in all of the samples. XANES data confirm that reversible 4-fold Ti sites are more prevalent in samples with high surface areas, as expected. The calcined xerogels were tested for their catalytic activity using the epoxidation of cyclohexene with tert-butyl hydroperoxide (TBHP) as a test reaction, with excellent selectivities and reasonable percentage conversions. FT-IR spectroscopy has revealed that the catalytic activity is correlated with the intensity of the Si-O-Ti signal, after accounting for variations in Si-OH and Si-O-Si. The most effective catalyst was produced with heptane washing, a calcination temperature of 500 degreesC, and a heating rate of 5 degreesC min(-1).

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1039/b005408i
Subjects: Q Science
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Natural Sciences > Physics and Astronomy
Depositing User: O.O. Odanye
Date Deposited: 03 Apr 2009 09:58 UTC
Last Modified: 16 Nov 2021 09:54 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/16224 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)

University of Kent Author Information

Pickup, David M..

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Mountjoy, Gavin.

Creator's ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6495-2006
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Newport, Robert J..

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