The status of the world's land and marine mammals: Diversity, threat, and knowledge

Schipper, Jan and Chanson, Janice S. and Chiozza, Federica and Cox, Neil A. and Hoffmann, Michael and Katariya, Vineet and Lamoreux, John and Rodrigues, Ana S. L. and Stuart, Simon N. and Temple, Helen J. and Baillie, Jonathan and Boitani, Luigi and Lacher, Thomas E. and Mittermeier, Russell A. and Smith, Andrew T. and Absolon, Daniel and Aguiar, John M. and Amori, Giovanni and Bakkour, Noura and Baldi, Ricardo and Berridge, Richard J. and Bielby, Jon and Black, Patricia Ann and Blanc, J. Julian and Brooks, Thomas M. and Burton, James A. and Butynski, Thomas M. and Catullo, Gianluca and Chapman, Roselle and Cokeliss, Zoe and Collen, Ben and Conroy, Jim and Cooke, Justin G. and da Fonseca, Gustavo A. B. and Derocher, Andrew E. and Dublin, Holly T. and Duckworth, J.W. and Emmons, Louise and Emslie, Richard H. and Festa-Bianchet, Marco and Foster, Matt and Foster, Sabrina and Garshelis, David L. and Gates, Cormack and Gimenez-Dixon, Mariano and Gonzalez, Susana and Gonzalez-Maya, Jose Fernanado and Good, Tatjana C. and Hammerson, Geoffrey and Hammond, Philip S. and Happold, David and Happold, Meredith and Hare, John and Harris, Richard B. and Hawkins, Clare E. and Haywood, Mandy and Heaney, Lawrence R. and Hedges, Simon and Helgen, Kristofer M. and Hilton-Taylor, Craig and Hussain, Syed Ainul and Ishii, Nobuo and Jefferson, Thomas A. and Jenkins, Richard K. B. and Johnston, Charlotte H. and Keith, Mark and Kingdon, Jonathan and Knox, David H. and Kovacs, Kit M. and Langhammer, Penny and Leus, Kristin and Lewison, Rebecca and Lichtenstein, Gabriela and Lowry, Lloyd F. and Macavoy, Zoe and Mace, Georgina M. and Mallon, David P. and Masi, Monica and McKnight, Meghan W. and Medellin, Rodrigo A. and Medici, Patricia and Mills, Gus and Moehlman, Patricia D. and Molur, Sanjay and Mora, Arturo and Nowell, Kristin and Oates, Jonh F. and Olech, Wanda and Oliver, William R. L. and Oprea, Monik and Patterson, Bruce D. and Perrin, William F. and Polidoro, Beth A. and Pollock, Caroline and Powel, Abigail and Protas, Yelizaveta and Racey, Paul and Ragle, Jim and Ramani, Pavithra and Rathbun, Galen and Reeves, Randall R. and Reilly, Stephen B. and Reynolds, John E. and Rondinini, Carol and Rosell-Ambal, Ruth Grace and Rulli, Monica and Rylands, Anthony B. and Savini, Simona and Schank, Cody J. and Sechrest, Wes and Self-Sullivan, Caryn and Shoemaker, Alan and Sillero-Zubiri, Claudio and De Silva, Naamal and Smith, David E. and Srinivasulu, Chelmala and Stephenson, Peter J. and van Strein, Nico and Talukdar, Bibhab Kumar and Taylor, Barbara L. and Timmins, Rob and Tirira, Diego G. and Tognelli, Marcelo F. and Tsytsulina, Katerina and Veiga, Liza M. and Vie, Jean-Christophe and Williamson, Elizabeth E. and Wyatt, Sarah A. and Xie, Yan and Young, Bruce E. (2008) The status of the world's land and marine mammals: Diversity, threat, and knowledge. Science, 322 (5899). pp. 225-230. ISSN 0036-8075. (doi: (The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided)

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Knowledge of mammalian diversity is still surprisingly disparate, both regionally and taxonomically. Here, we present a comprehensive assessment of the conservation status and distribution of the world's mammals. Data, compiled by 1700+ experts, cover all 5487 species, including marine mammals. Global macroecological patterns are very different for land and marine species but suggest common mechanisms driving diversity and endemism across systems. Compared with land species, threat levels are higher among marine mammals, driven by different processes (accidental mortality and pollution, rather than habitat loss), and are spatially distinct (peaking in northern oceans, rather than in Southeast Asia). Marine mammals are also disproportionately poorly known. These data are made freely available to support further scientific developments and conservation action.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Anthropology and Conservation > DICE (Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology)
Depositing User: Maureen Cook
Date Deposited: 03 Mar 2009 15:31 UTC
Last Modified: 03 Jun 2014 09:10 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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