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The transformation of environmental activism: an introduction

Rootes, Christopher (2003) The transformation of environmental activism: an introduction. In: Rootes, Christopher, ed. Environmental Protest in Western Europe. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, pp. 1-19. ISBN 978-0-19-925206-0. (doi:10.1093/0199252068.003.0001) (The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided) (KAR id:15419)

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By 1990, environmentalism had been institutionalized almost everywhere in western Europe, environmental movement organizations had become substantial and well‐connected operations, and it was widely supposed that environmental movements had been demobilized and incorporated. However, in some countries, during the 1990s, there was a revival of environmental protest that was sometimes markedly more confrontational than that of the 1980s. National experiences differed and this chapter introduces some of those differences and the theories that might explain them. Nevertheless, transnational collaboration increased and it was widely expected that a Europeanization of environmental protest would follow in response to opportunities created by the increased environmental competence of the European Union. The case is made for the use of protest event methodology and newspaper reports to assemble empirical data with which to confront these theories and assumptions systematically.

Item Type: Book section
DOI/Identification number: 10.1093/0199252068.003.0001
Additional information: environmental protest
Uncontrolled keywords: confrontation, demobilization, environmental movement organizations, environmentalism, Europeanization, institutionalization, political opportunities, protest, protest event methodology
Subjects: H Social Sciences
J Political Science
Divisions: Divisions > Division for the Study of Law, Society and Social Justice > School of Social Policy, Sociology and Social Research
Depositing User: G.T. Swain
Date Deposited: 20 Mar 2009 20:33 UTC
Last Modified: 18 Dec 2023 12:48 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)

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