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Lactobacillus reuteri DSM 20016 produces cobalamin-dependent diol dehydratase in metabolosomes and metabolizes 1,2-propanediol by disproportionation

Sriramulu, Dinesh Diraviam, Liang, Mingzhi, Hernandez-Romero, Diana, Raux-Deery, Evelyne, Lunsdorf, Heinrich, Parsons, Joshua B., Warren, Martin J., Prentice, Michael B. (2008) Lactobacillus reuteri DSM 20016 produces cobalamin-dependent diol dehydratase in metabolosomes and metabolizes 1,2-propanediol by disproportionation. Journal of Bacteriology, 190 (13). pp. 4559-4567. ISSN 0021-9193. (doi:10.1128/jb.01535-07) (The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided) (KAR id:15215)

The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided.
Official URL:
http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/jb.01535-07

Abstract

A Lactobacillus reuteri strain isolated from sourdough is known to produce the vitamin cobalamin. The organism requires this for glycerol cofermentation by a cobalamin-dependent enzyme, usually termed glycerol dehydratase, in the synthesis of the antimicrobial substance reuterin. We show that the cobalamin-synthesizing capacity of another L. reuteri strain (20016, the type strain, isolated from the human gut and recently sequenced as F275) is genetically and phenotypically linked, as in the Enterobacteriaceae, to the production of a cobalamin-dependent enzyme which is associated with a bacterial microcompartment (metabolosome) and known as diol dehydratase. We show that this enzyme allows L. reuteri to carry out a disproportionation reaction converting 1,2-propanediol to propionate and propanol. The wide distribution of this operon suggests that it is adapted to horizontal transmission between bacteria. However, there are significant genetic and phenotypic differences between the Lactobacillus background and the Enterobacteriaceae. Electron microscopy reveals that the bacterial microcompartment in L. reuteri occupies a smaller percentage of the cytoplasm than in gram-negative bacteria. DNA sequence data show evidence of a regulatory control mechanism different from that in gram-negative bacteria, with the presence of a catabolite-responsive element (CRE) sequence immediately upstream of the pdu operon encoding diol dehydratase and metabolosome structural genes in L. reuteri. The metabolosome-associated diol dehydratase we describe is the only candidate glycerol dehydratase present on inspection of the L. reuteri F275 genome sequence.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1128/jb.01535-07
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Natural Sciences > Biosciences
Depositing User: Louise Dorman
Date Deposited: 20 Jan 2010 10:25 UTC
Last Modified: 16 Nov 2021 09:53 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/15215 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)

University of Kent Author Information

Raux-Deery, Evelyne.

Creator's ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8189-678X
CReDIT Contributor Roles:

Parsons, Joshua B..

Creator's ORCID:
CReDIT Contributor Roles:

Warren, Martin J..

Creator's ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6028-6456
CReDIT Contributor Roles:
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