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The Simultaneous Type, Serial Token Model of Temporal Attention and Working Memory

Bowman, Howard, Wyble, Brad (2007) The Simultaneous Type, Serial Token Model of Temporal Attention and Working Memory. Psychological Review, 114 (1). pp. 38-70. ISSN 0033-295X. (doi:10.1037/0033-295X.114.1.38) (KAR id:14608)


A detailed description of the Simultaneous Type Serial Token (STST) model is presented. STST is a model of temporal attention and working memory, which encapsulates five principles: 1) Chun and Potter's (1995) 2-stage model; 2) a stage one Salience Filter; 3) Kanwisher's Types-tokens distinction; 4) a Transient Attentional Enhancement; and 5) a mechanism for associating types with tokens called the Binding Pool. We instantiate this theoretical position in a connectionist implementation, called Neural-STST, which we illustrate by modeling temporal attention results, focused on the Attentional Blink (AB). We demonstrate that the STST model explains a spectrum of AB findings. Furthermore, we highlight a number of new temporal attention predictions arising from the STST theory, which we test in a series of behavioral experiments. Finally, we review major AB models and theories, and compare them to STST.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1037/0033-295X.114.1.38
Uncontrolled keywords: Temporal Attention, Working Memory, Neural Networks, Attentional Blink
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics (inc Computing science) > QA 76 Software, computer programming,
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Computing, Engineering and Mathematical Sciences > School of Computing
Depositing User: Mark Wheadon
Date Deposited: 24 Nov 2008 18:05 UTC
Last Modified: 16 Nov 2021 09:53 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)

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