Thermal unfolding of smooth muscle and nonmuscle tropomyosin alpha-homodimers with alternatively spliced exons

Kremneva, Elena and Nikolaeva, Olga and Maytum, Robin and Arutyunyan, Alexander M. and Kleimenov, Sergei Yu and Geeves, Michael A. and Levitsky, Dmitrii I. (2006) Thermal unfolding of smooth muscle and nonmuscle tropomyosin alpha-homodimers with alternatively spliced exons. FEBS Journal, 273 (3). pp. 588-600. ISSN 1742464X. (The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided)

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We used differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and circular dichroism (CD) to investigate thermal unfolding of recombinant fibroblast isoforms of alpha-tropomyosin (Tm) in comparison with that of smooth muscle Tm. These two nonmuscle Tm isoforms 5a and 5b differ internally only by exons 6b/6a, and they both differ from smooth muscle Tm by the N-terminal exon 1b which replaces the muscle-specific exons 1a and 2a. We show that the presence of exon 1b dramatically decreases the measurable calorimetric enthalpy of the thermal unfolding of Tm observed with DSC, although it has no influence on the alpha-helix content of Tm or on the end-to-end interaction between Tm dimers. The results suggest that a significant part of the molecule of fibroblast Tm (but not smooth muscle Tm) unfolds noncooperatively, with the enthalpy no longer visible in the cooperative thermal transitions measured. On the other hand, both DSC and CD studies show that replacement of muscle exons 1a and 2a by nonmuscle exon 1b not only increases the thermal stability of the N-terminal part of Tm, but also significantly stabilizes Tm by shifting the major thermal transition of Tm to higher temperature. Replacement of exon 6b by exon 6a leads to additional increase in the alpha-Tm thermal stability. Thus, our data show for the first time a significant difference in the thermal unfolding between muscle and nonmuscle alpha-Tm isoforms, and indicate that replacement of alternatively spliced exons alters the stability of the entire Tm molecule.

Item Type: Article
Additional information: 1742-464X (Print) Journal Article
Uncontrolled keywords: Actins/physiology Alternative Splicing Animals Calorimetry, Differential Scanning/methods Circular Dichroism/methods Cloning, Molecular Comparative Study Dimerization Exons/*genetics Fibroblasts/physiology Homeodomain Proteins/*genetics/*physiology Muscle, Smooth, Vascular/*physiology Protein Denaturation/genetics Protein Folding Protein Isoforms/genetics/physiology Rats Recombinant Proteins/genetics/metabolism Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't Temperature Tropomyosin/*genetics/*physiology
Subjects: Q Science
Divisions: Faculties > Science Technology and Medical Studies > School of Biosciences
Depositing User: Michael Geeves
Date Deposited: 16 Mar 2009 16:34
Last Modified: 24 Apr 2014 08:05
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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