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Perfectionism, self-efficacy, and aspiration level: Differential effects of perfectionistic striving and self-criticism after success and failure.

Stoeber, Joachim, Hutchfield, Jemeela, Wood, Kerry V. (2008) Perfectionism, self-efficacy, and aspiration level: Differential effects of perfectionistic striving and self-criticism after success and failure. Personality and Individual Differences, 45 (4). pp. 323-327. ISSN 0191-8869. (doi:10.1016/j.paid.2008.04.021) (KAR id:13160)

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Official URL
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2008.04.021

Abstract

Despite over 15 years of research on multidimensional perfectionism, it is still unclear how different forms of perfectionism are related to self-efficacy, aspiration level, and reactions to success and failure in performance situations. Differentiating between positive striving perfectionism and self-critical perfectionism, the present study investigated in N = 100 undergraduate students how perfectionistic striving and self-criticism were related to self-efficacy, aspiration level, and performance and how manipulated success and failure feedback affected these relationships. Results showed that perfectionistic striving was positively correlated with self-efficacy and aspiration level prior to manipulated feedback. Moreover, perfectionistic striving predicted increases in aspiration level following success feedback. In contrast, self-criticism was negatively correlated with self-efficacy prior to feedback and predicted decreases in self-efficacy following failure feedback. The findings corroborate the view that perfectionism has both adaptive and maladaptive aspects: whereas self-criticism is associated with low self-efficacy and makes perfectionists lose confidence after failure, perfectionistic striving is associated with higher aspiration levels and makes perfectionists reach for higher aims after success.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1016/j.paid.2008.04.021
Uncontrolled keywords: perfectionism; self-criticism; self-efficacy; aspiration level; motivation; performance; aptitude tests; success; failure
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Human and Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Depositing User: Joachim Stoeber
Date Deposited: 17 Apr 2009 11:24 UTC
Last Modified: 16 Nov 2021 09:51 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/13160 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Stoeber, Joachim: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6439-9917
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