Acute exposure to the nutritional toxin alcohol reduces brain protein synthesis in vivo

Bonner, Adrian B. and Dalwai, S. and Marway, J.S. and Preedy, Victor R. (2003) Acute exposure to the nutritional toxin alcohol reduces brain protein synthesis in vivo. Metabolism, 52 (4). pp. 389-396. ISSN 0026-0495. (The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided)

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Few studies have measured brain protein synthesis in vivo using reliable methods that consider the precursor pool, and there is a paucity of data on the regional sensitivity of this organ to nutritional or toxic substances. We hypothesized that different areas of the brain will exhibit variations in protein synthesis rates, which might also be expected to show different sensitivities to the nutritional toxin, ethanol. To test this, we dosed male Wistar rats with ethanol (75 mmol/kg body weight) and measured rates of protein synthesis (ie, the fractional rate of protein synthesis, defined as the percentage of the protein pool renewed each day; k(s), %/d) in different brain regions 2.5 hours later with the flooding dose method using L-[4-H-3] phenylalanine. In the event that some regions were refractory to the deleterious effects of ethanol, we also predosed rats with cyanamide, an aldehyde dehydrogenase inhibitor (ie, cyanamide + ethanol), to increase endogenous acetaldehyde, a potent neurotoxic agent. The results indicated the mean fractional rates of protein synthesis in the cortex was 21.1%/d, which was significantly lower than either brain stem (30.2%/d, P < .025), cerebellum (30.1%/d, P < .01), or midbrain (29.8%, P < .025). Ethanol significantly decreased protein synthesis in the cortex (21%, P < 0.01), cerebellum (19%, P < .025), brain stem (44%, P < .025), but not in the midbrain (not significant [NS]). However, significant reductions in protein synthesis in the midbrain occurred in cyanamide + ethanol-dosed rats (60%, P < .0001). Cyanamide + ethanol treatment also reduced k(s) in the brain stem (66%, P < .001), cortex (59%, P < .001), and cerebellum (55%, P < .001). In conclusion, the applicability of the flooding dose technique to measure protein synthesis in the brain in vivo is demonstrated by its ability to measure regional difference. Impaired protein synthesis rates may contribute to or reflect the pathogenesis of alcohol-induced brain damage. Copyright 2003 Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine
Divisions: Faculties > Science Technology and Medical Studies > Kent Institute of Medicine and Health Sciences (KIMHS)
Depositing User: M.P. Stone
Date Deposited: 09 Sep 2008 08:44
Last Modified: 11 Jun 2014 14:14
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