The microsponge delivery system of benzoyl peroxide: Preparation, characterization and release studies

Jelvehgari, Mitra and Siahi, Mohammad Reza and Azarmi, Shirzad and Martin, Gary P. and Nokhodchi, Ali (2006) The microsponge delivery system of benzoyl peroxide: Preparation, characterization and release studies. International Journal of Pharmaceutics, 308 (1-2). pp. 124-132. ISSN 0378-5173. (The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided)

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Benzoyl peroxide (BPO) is commonly used in topical formulations for the treatment of acne and athletes foot. Skin irritation is a common side effect, and it has been shown that controlled release of BPO from a delivery system to the skin could reduce the side effect while reducing percutaneous absorption. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to produce ethylcellulose microparticles containing BPO which were able to control the release of BPO to the skin. In order to optimize the microparticle formulation, factors affecting the physical properties of microparticles were also investigated. Benzoyl peroxide microparticles were prepared using an emulsion solvent diffusion method by adding an organic internal phase containing benzoyl peroxide, ethyl cellulose and dichloromethane into a stirred aqueous phase containing polyvinyl alcohol. Drug content, particle size analysis and loading yield were determined in the prepared microparticles. BPO microparticles were then incorporated into standard vehicles for release studies. Scanning electron microscopy was used to study the shape and morphology of the microsponges. The micrograph of microsponges showed that they were spherical in shape and contained pores. These pores resulted from the diffusion of solvent from the surface of the microparticles and thus the particles were designated as microsponges. It was shown that the drug:polymer ratio, stirring rate, volume of dispersed phase influenced the particle size and drug release behavior of the formed microsponges and that the presence of emulsifier was essential for microsponge formation. The results showed that, generally, an increase in the ratio of drug:polymer resulted in a reduction in the release rate of BPO from microsponges which was attributed to a decreased internal porosity of the microsponges.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science
Divisions: Faculties > Science Technology and Medical Studies > Medway School of Pharmacy
Depositing User: Ali Nokhodchi
Date Deposited: 05 Sep 2008 22:42
Last Modified: 16 Jun 2014 10:49
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