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The effect of surfactants on the skin penetration of diazepam

Shokri, Javad, Nokhodchi, Ali, Dashbolaghi, A., Hassan-Zadeh, Davood, Ghafourian, Taravat, Barzegar-Jalali, Mohammad (2001) The effect of surfactants on the skin penetration of diazepam. International Journal of Pharmaceutics, 228 (1-2). pp. 99-107. ISSN 0378-5173. (doi:10.1016/S0378-5173(01)00805-5) (The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided) (KAR id:10757)

The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided.
Official URL
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0378-5173(01)00805-5

Abstract

The percutaneous permeation of diazepam was investigated in rat skin after application of a water–propylene

glycol (50:50% v/v) using a diffusion cell technique. The effect of various surfactants (sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS),

cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB), benzalkonium chloride or Tween 80) with different concentrations on

skin permeability were evaluated. Flux, Kp, lag time and enhancement ratios (ERs) of diazepam were measured over

10 h and compared with control sample (containing no surfactant). Furthermore, diazepam solubility in presence of

surfactants was determined. The in vitro permeation experiments with rat skin revealed that the surfactant enhancers

varied in their ability to enhance the flux of diazepam. Benzalkonium chloride which possessed the highest

lipophilicity (log P=1.9) among cationic surfactants provided the greatest enhancement for diazepam flux (7.98-fold

over control). CTAB (log P1) at a concentration of 1% w/w exhibited no significant increase in flux of diazepam

compared to control (1.16-fold over control). The results also showed that the highest ER was obtained in presence

of 1% w/w surfactant with the exception of SLS and CTAB. The increase in flux at low enhancer concentrations is

normally attributed to the ability of the surfactant molecules to penetrate the skin and increase its permeability.

Reduction in the rate of transport of the drug present in enhancer systems beyond 1% w/w is attributed to the ability

of the surfactant to form micelles and is normally observed only if interaction between micelle and the drug occurs.

The results showed that the nature of enhancer greatly influences cutaneous barrier impairment. © 2001 Elsevier

Science B.V.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1016/S0378-5173(01)00805-5
Subjects: Q Science
Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Natural Sciences > Medway School of Pharmacy
Depositing User: Taravat Ghafourian
Date Deposited: 27 Oct 2008 13:45 UTC
Last Modified: 16 Nov 2021 09:49 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/10757 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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